The Evolution of Technology – The History of Computers
August 16, 2012 § Leave a comment
While computers are now an foremost part of the lives of human beings, there was a time where computers did not exist. Knowing the history of computers and how much progression has been made can help you understand just how involved and innovative the creation of computers honestly is.
Unlike most devices, the computer is one of the few inventions that does not have one specific inventor. Throughout the improvement of the computer, many population have added their creations to the list required to make a computer work. Some of the inventions have been dissimilar types of computers, and some of them were parts required to allow computers to be industrialized further.
Perhaps the most important date in the history of computers is the year 1936. It was in this year that the first “computer” was developed. It was created by Konrad Zuse and dubbed the Z1 Computer. This computer stands as the first as it was the first law to be fully programmable. There were devices prior to this, but none had the computing power that sets it apart from other electronics.
It wasn’t until 1942 that any firm saw profit and opportunity in computers. This first firm was called Abc computers, owned and operated by John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry. Two years later, the Harvard Mark I computer was developed, furthering the science of computing.
Over the procedure of the next few years, inventors all over the world began to crusade more into the study of computers, and how to enhance upon them. Those next ten years say the introduction of the transistor, which would come to be a vital part of the inner workings of the computer, the Eniac 1 computer, as well as many other types of systems. The Eniac 1 is maybe one of the most interesting, as it required 20,000 vacuum tubes to operate. It was a massive machine, and started the revolution to build smaller and faster computers.
The age of computers was forever altered by the introduction of International firm Machines, or Ibm, into the computing business in 1953. This company, over the procedure of computer history, has been a major player in the improvement of new systems and servers for public and private use. This introduction brought about the first real signs of competition within computing history, which helped to spur faster and good improvement of computers. Their first contribution was the Ibm 701 Edpm Computer.
A Programming Language Evolves
A year later, the first thriving high level programming language was created. This was a programming language not written in ‘assembly’ or binary, which are carefully very low level languages. Fortran was written so that more population could begin to schedule computers easily.
The year 1955, the Bank of America, coupled with Stanford research institute and general Electric, saw the creation of the first computers for use in banks. The Micr, or Magnetic Ink Character Recognition, coupled with the actual computer, the Erma, was a breakthrough for the banking industry. It wasn’t until 1959 that the pair of systems were put into use in actual banks.
During 1958, one of the most foremost breakthroughs in computer history occurred, the creation of the integrated circuit. This device, also known as the chip, is one of the base requirements for contemporary computer systems. On every motherboard and card within a computer system, are many chips that include information on what the boards and cards do. Without these chips, the systems as we know them today cannot function.
Gaming, Mice, & the Internet
For many computer users now, games are a vital part of the computing experience. 1962 saw the creation of the first computer game, which was created by Steve Russel and Mit, which was dubbed Spacewar.
The mouse, one of the most basic components of contemporary computers, was created in 1964 by Douglass Engelbart. It obtained its name from the “tail” foremost out of the device.
One of the most foremost aspects of computers today was invented in 1969. Arpa net was the original Internet, which provided the foundation for the Internet that we know today. This improvement would result in the evolution of knowledge and firm across the whole planet.
It wasn’t until 1970 that Intel entered the scene with the first dynamic Ram chip, which resulted in an explosion of computer science innovation.
On the heels of the Ram chip was the first microprocessor, which was also designed by Intel. These two components, in increasing to the chip industrialized in 1958, would estimate among the core components of contemporary computers.
A year later, the floppy disk was created, gaining its name from the flexibility of the storehouse unit. This was the first step in allowing most population to replacement bits of data between unconnected computers.
The first networking card was created in 1973, allowing data replacement between related computers. This is similar to the Internet, but allows for the computers to connect without use of the Internet.
Household Pc’s Emerge
The next three years were very foremost for computers. This is when companies began to institute systems for the median consumer. The Scelbi, Mark-8 Altair, Ibm 5100, Apple I and Ii, Trs-80, and the Commodore Pet computers were the forerunners in this area. While expensive, these machines started the trend for computers within base households.
One of the most major breathroughs in computer software occurred in 1978 with the release of the VisiCalc Spreadsheet program. All improvement costs were paid for within a two week duration of time, which makes this one of the most thriving programs in computer history.
1979 was maybe one of the most foremost years for the home computer user. This is the year that WordStar, the first word processing program, was released to the public for sale. This drastically altered the usefulness of computers for the everyday user.
The Ibm Home computer speedily helped revolutionize the consumer market in 1981, as it was affordable for home owners and standard consumers. 1981 also saw the the mega-giant Microsoft enter the scene with the Ms-Dos operating system. This operating law utterly changed computing forever, as it was easy enough for everybody to learn.
The Competition Begins : Apple vs. Microsoft
Computers saw yet another vital turn during the year of 1983. The Apple Lisa computer was the first with a graphical user interface, or a Gui. Most contemporary programs include a Gui, which allows them to be easy to use and pleasing for the eyes. This marked the starting of the out dating of most text based only programs.
Beyond this point in computer history, many changes and alterations have occurred, from the Apple-Microsoft wars, to the developing of microcomputers and a variety of computer breakthroughs that have come to be an standard part of our daily lives. Without the preliminary first steps of computer history, none of this would have been possible.
The Evolution of Technology – The History of Computers